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Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It makes hormones that help the body work normally. There are several types of cancer of the thyroid gland. You are at greater risk if you

  • Are between ages 25 and 65
  • Are a woman
  • Are Asian
  • Have a family member who has had thyroid disease
  • Have had radiation treatments to your head or neck

You should see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Doctors use a physical exam, blood tests, imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose thyroid cancer. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you have and how far the cancer has spread. Many patients receive a combination of treatments. They may include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells.

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Illustration of the thyroid showing the parathyroid glands
Results 1 - 10 of 712 for thyroid cancer
  1. Thyroid Cancer (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... tests, imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose thyroid cancer. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you ...
  2. Tumor - thyroid; Cancer - thyroid ... Thyroid cancer can occur in all age groups. Radiation increases the risk of developing thyroid cancer. Exposure may ...
  3. General Information about Thyroid Cancer From the National Institutes of Health (National Cancer Institute)  
    Search Español Thyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) Last Modified: June 10, 2014 General Information About Thyroid Cancer Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant ( ...
  4. Do We Know What Causes Thyroid Cancer? (American Cancer Society)  
    ... cancer be prevented? Do we know what causes thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is linked with a number of ... inside a cell, without an outside cause. Papillary thyroid cancer Several DNA mutations (changes) have been found in ...
  5. What Is Thyroid Cancer? (American Cancer Society)  
    ... the key statistics about thyroid cancer? What is thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in ... There are several types of thyroid cancer. Differentiated thyroid cancers Most thyroid cancers are differentiated cancers. In these ...
  6. ... thyroid cancer? What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer? A risk factor is anything that affects a ... or a family history of the disease. Medullary thyroid cancer About 1 out of 3 medullary thyroid carcinomas ( ...
  7. Pediatric Thyroid Cancer (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)  
    Pediatric Thyroid Cancer Pediatric Thyroid Cancer Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F ... and neck issues, should be consulted. Types of thyroid cancer in children: Papillary : This form of thyroid cancer ...
  8. ... having thyroid cancer What happens after treatment for thyroid cancer? For many people with thyroid cancer, treatment may ... of thyroid cancer by type and stage .” Medullary thyroid cancer: If you had medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), your ...
  9. ... affect your emotional health? Lifestyle changes after having thyroid cancer You can’t change the fact that you ...
  10. Can Thyroid Cancer Be Prevented? (American Cancer Society)  
    ... Topic Can thyroid cancer be found early? Can thyroid cancer be prevented? Most people with thyroid cancer have ...
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