Photograph of a baby's hand holding an adult's hand

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect - a type of birth defect of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. It happens if the spinal column of the fetus doesn't close completely during the first month of pregnancy. This can damage the nerves and spinal cord. Screening tests during pregnancy can check for spina bifida. Sometimes it is discovered only after the baby is born.

The symptoms of spina bifida vary from person to person. Most people with spina bifida are of normal intelligence. Some people need assistive devices such as braces, crutches, or wheelchairs. They may have learning difficulties, urinary and bowel problems, or hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid in the brain.

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  1. Spina Bifida (National Library of Medicine)  
    Spina bifida is a neural tube defect - a type of birth defect of the brain, spine, or spinal ... cord. Screening tests during pregnancy can check for spina bifida. Sometimes it is discovered only after the baby ...
  2. Myelomeningocele repair; Myelomeningocele closure; Myelodysplasia repair; Spinal dysraphism repair; Meningomyelocele repair; Neural tube defect repair; Spina bifida ...
  3. Spina bifida; Cleft spine; Neural tube defect (NTD) ... and meninges (the tissues covering the spinal cord). Spina bifida refers to any birth defect involving incomplete closure ...
  4. Genetics Home Reference: Spina bifida From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... PubMed Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Spina bifida On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... names Glossary definitions Reviewed November 2014 What is spina bifida? Spina bifida is a condition in which the ...
  5. Spina Bifida From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)  
    Spina Bifida Fact Sheet See a list of all NINDS Disorders Get Web page suited for printing Email ... neural tube defects , including spina bifida . What is spina bifida? Spina bifida, which literally means “cleft spine,” is ...
  6. Resources - spina bifida ... following organizations are good resources for information on spina bifida : March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.org/baby/spina- ...
  7. Spina Bifida (March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation)  
    ... this page It's been added to your dashboard . Spina bifida Spina bifida means open spine. The spine (backbone) ... each year in the United States. How can spina bifida affect your baby? Spina bifida can affect how ...
  8. Test Your Knowledge of Spina Bifida (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)  
    ... Past Emails CDC Features Test Your Knowledge of Spina Bifida Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... Your browser does not support iFrames. CDC's Work Spina Bifida Videos The Spina Bifida Experience Managing Medical Care ...
  9. Spina Bifida (Nemours Foundation)  
    ... uses a wheelchair to get around. What Is Spina Bifida? Someone born with spina bifida has an opening ... body. Continue What Are the Different Types of Spina Bifida? One kind of spina bifida can go unnoticed. ...
  10. Spina Bifida From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary  
    NINDS Spina Bifida Information Page Condensed from Spina Bifida Fact Sheet Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What is Spina Bifida? Spina bifida (SB) is a neural tube defect ( ...
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