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Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.

Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include:

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Illustration of the right kidney
Results 1 - 10 of 4,749 for kidney disease
  1. Kidney Cysts (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... There are two types of kidney cysts. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) runs in families. In PKD, the cysts ... kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplants. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) usually happens in people who are on ...
  2. Chronic Kidney Disease (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... help control blood pressure, and make hormones. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and ... NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
  3. Kidney Diseases (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... urine until you go to the bathroom. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys ... or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or ...
  4. Urinary Tract Infections (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
  5. Diabetes and Kidney Disease (National Kidney Foundation)  
    ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... here Home » Diabetes - A Major Risk Factor for Kidney Disease Diabetes mellitus, usually called diabetes, is a disease ...
  6. About Chronic Kidney Disease (National Kidney Foundation)  
    ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... You are here Home » Kidney Disease » About Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized ...
  7. ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... NKF You are here Home » Herbal Supplements and Kidney Disease Is it safe to use herbal supplements if ...
  8. Pregnancy and Kidney Disease (National Kidney Foundation)  
    ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... the NKF You are here Home » Pregnancy and Kidney Disease A new baby is a joy for any ...
  9. Sexuality and Chronic Kidney Disease (National Kidney Foundation)  
    ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... the NKF You are here Home » Sexuality and Kidney Disease Can people with kidney disease or kidney failure ...
  10. ... Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans are 3 ... are here Home » High Blood Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease in Children: A Guide for Parents High blood ...
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