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Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.

Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include:

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Illustration of the right kidney
Results 1 - 10 of 4,771 for kidney disease
  1. Kidney Cysts (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... There are two types of kidney cysts. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) runs in families. In PKD, the cysts ... kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplants. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) usually happens in people who are on ...
  2. Chronic Kidney Disease (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... help control blood pressure, and make hormones. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and ... NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
  3. Kidney Diseases (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... urine until you go to the bathroom. Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys ... or medicines. You are at greater risk for kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or ...
  4. Urinary Tract Infections (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
  5. ... Oct. 11, 2012 Medicines for Early Stage Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review of the Research for Adults With Kidney Disease and Diabetes or High Blood Pressure Formats View ...
  6. Cysts - kidneys; Kidney - polycystic; Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease; ADPKD ... Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is passed down through families (inherited), usually as an autosomal dominant trait. If one parent carries ...
  7. Renal disease - diet; Kidney disease - diet ... in your body balanced when you have chronic kidney disease or are on dialysis. People on dialysis need ...
  8. ... literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Uromodulin-associated kidney disease On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ...
  9. Genetics Home Reference: Polycystic kidney disease From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Polycystic kidney disease On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... Glossary definitions Reviewed May 2014 What is polycystic kidney disease? Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that affects ...
  10. Genetics Home Reference: REN-related kidney disease From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)  
    ... literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > REN-related kidney disease On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... definitions Reviewed January 2010 What is REN-related kidney disease? REN -related kidney disease is an inherited condition ...
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